CBT/TF-CBT (Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy/Trauma- Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy)
CBT stands for Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy. CBT is short term and solution focused. CBT focuses on identifying the connections between our thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. CBT focuses on how our cognitions (thoughts) and behaviors create and reinforce positive and negative feelings in our life. CBT aims to identify maladaptive thought patterns and behavior patterns, and aims to ultimately replace maladaptive thought patterns and maladaptive behavior patterns with more positive and adaptive thought patterns and behavior patterns. CBT is considered one of the most effective therapy models to treat depression and anxiety, but can also be used to help treat a wide spread of other emotional disturbances, behavior issues, and trauma.
CBT has been customized to treat trauma with a specific approach called TF-CBT, which stands for Trauma- Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. TF-CBT is a specific model that addresses the following areas and in this order: Psychoeducation, relaxation techniques, affective (emotional) expression, cognitive reframing, trauma narrative, in-vivo exposure, conjoint sessions, and enhancing safety. TF-CBT is specifically designed to help one build all of the necessary insight and skills at a specific pace and order that sets one up for success in recovering from their trauma effectively.